Автор Тема: Настройка Samba на Debian 10  (Прочитано 886 раз)

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Оффлайн IntelMan

Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« : 13 Декабря 2020, 18:15:44 »
Доброго времени суток, коллеги.
С samba сталкиваемся впервые. По мануалам в интернете должно быть все просто, на самом деле - не получается. Дебиан без графики. Нужен доступ без паролей к одной папке в сети виндоуз.
Конфиги особо не менялись от стандартных. При доступ к компу по сети вида \\[IP адрес]\share , запрашивается логин и пароль. После ввода винда выдает ошибку, а в логах дебиана видно такое:
Spoiler: ShowHide

[2020/12/13 04:58:28.901587,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.471227,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.486048,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.487606,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.489149,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.490507,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file
[2020/12/13 04:59:59.498254,  0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3091(check_usershare_stat)
  check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular file

Помогите пож-та разобраться в проблеме.

cat /etc/samba/smb.conf
Spoiler: ShowHide

#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
#  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
#    differs from the default Samba behaviour
#  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
#    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
#    enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
   workgroup = WORKGROUP

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
;   bind interfaces only = yes

   usershare owner only = no

#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
   max log size = 1000

# We want Samba to only log to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd}.
# Append syslog@1 if you want important messages to be sent to syslog too.
   logging = file

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
   panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller".
#
# Most people will want "standalone server" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.
   server role = standalone server

   obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
   unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
   passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
   passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
   pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
   map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

#
# The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
# classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
# or 'domain logons' is set.
#

# It specifies the location of the user's
# profile directory from the client point of view) The following
# required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
# below)
;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
#   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
;   logon drive = H:
#   logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
;   logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the.
# SAMR RPC pipe...
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe...
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
;   idmap config * :              backend = tdb
;   idmap config * :              range   = 3000-7999
;   idmap config YOURDOMAINHERE : backend = tdb
;   idmap config YOURDOMAINHERE : range   = 100000-999999
;   template shell = /bin/bash

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 means that usershare is disabled.
#   usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
   usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

[homes]
   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
   read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
   create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
   directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.
# The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
# to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
   valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
;   comment = Users profiles
;   path = /home/samba/profiles
;   guest ok = no
;   browseable = no
;   create mask = 0600
;   directory mask = 0700

[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   browseable = no
   path = /var/spool/samba
   printable = yes
   guest ok = no
   read only = yes
   create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
   comment = Printer Drivers
   path = /var/lib/samba/printers
   browseable = yes
   read only = yes
   guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
;   write list = root, @lpadmin


[New Share]
    comment = A new share
    path = /share/
    browseable = yes
    read only = no
    guest ok = no
#    valid users = ivan
    valid users = @sambashare
    create mode = 0777
    directory mode = 0777


testparm -sv | grep share
Spoiler: ShowHide

rlimit_max: increasing rlimit_max (1024) to minimum Windows limit (16384)
Registered MSG_REQ_POOL_USAGE
Registered MSG_REQ_DMALLOC_MARK and LOG_CHANGED
Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
rlimit_max: increasing rlimit_max (1024) to minimum Windows limit (16384)
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[printers]"
Processing section "[print$]"
Processing section "[New Share]"
Loaded services file OK.
Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE

        add share command =
        change share command =
        delete share command =
        panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
        registry shares = No
        share backend = classic
        usershare allow guests = Yes
        usershare max shares = 100
        usershare owner only = No
        usershare path = /var/lib/samba/usershares
        usershare prefix allow list =
        usershare prefix deny list =
        usershare template share =
        access based share enum = No
        administrative share = No
        afs share = No
        kernel share modes = Yes
        comment = A new share
        path = /share/
        valid users = @sambashare


net usershare info --long
Spoiler: ShowHide

get_share_list: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share is not a regular file. Ignoring.


« Последнее редактирование: 13 Декабря 2020, 18:18:14 от IntelMan »
 

Оффлайн gardarea51

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #1 : 14 Декабря 2020, 08:35:58 »
check_usershare_stat: file /var/lib/samba/usershares/share owned by uid 0 is not a regular fileВроде как говорит, что владелец root. У вас для шары должна быть создана учетка в самбе и linux'е, эта учетка должна обладать правами на саму шару.
Посмотрите еще вот тут:
https://debianforum.ru/index.php/topic,11089.msg86864.html
https://debianforum.ru/index.php/topic,14948.msg114530.html
https://debianforum.ru/index.php/topic,8008.msg64660.html

Вообще на форуме много подобных тем.
 
Пользователи, которые поблагодарили этот пост: IntelMan

Оффлайн IntelMan

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #2 : 14 Декабря 2020, 12:11:58 »
Спасибо за оперативный ответ. Много мануалов пересмотрели на форуме и не только, делаем как написано, но не получается. За отдельную плату можно на форуме с кем-нибудь договориться, чтобы спец. нашел проблему и указал нам на будущее где было неправильно?
 

Оффлайн endru

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #3 : 14 Декабря 2020, 17:47:42 »
Да влегкую. 10к сразу. Работа потом.

Оффлайн IntelMan

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #4 : 14 Декабря 2020, 18:06:05 »
Цитировать
Да влегкую. 10к сразу. Работа потом.
Понял. Попробую еще сам, если уже совсем не получится, обязательно напишу.
 

Оффлайн TheBigSnake

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #5 : 17 Марта 2021, 15:10:06 »
[New Share]
    comment = A new share
    path = /share/
    browseable = yes
    read only = no
    guest ok = no
#    valid users = ivan
    valid users = @sambashare
    create mode = 0777
    directory mode = 0777

    guest ok = no
это как должно работать с анонимом?
правим на
    guest ok = yes


    valid users = @sambashare
вообще выкидываем

    path = /share/
путь правильно надо задавать
    path = /share


на этой /share права доступа в OS ставим 0777
 

Оффлайн gardarea51

Re: Настройка Samba на Debian 10
« Ответ #6 : 18 Марта 2021, 09:46:22 »
Хм.. с анонимом это никак не должно работать.
Валидные юзеры - заданный явно список учеток.
Ну а про путь - и так и так верно, права естественно соответствующие.
 :) Странно, это будто вообще не моя цитата...
 

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